Robert P. LanglandsRobert P. Langlands was born in New Westminster, British Columbia, in 1936. He graduated from the University of British Columbia with an undergraduate degree in 1957 and an M.Sc. in 1958, and from Yale University with a Ph.D. in 1960. He has held faculty positions at Princeton University and Yale University, and is currently a Professor at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton New Jersey. He has won several awards recognizing his outstanding contributions to the theory of automorphic forms. 

Weiqing Ren
Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10012

Weinan E
Department of Mathematics and PACM, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 and School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China

The physical processes near a moving contact line are investigated systematically using molecular dynamics and continuum mechanics. Constitutive relations for the friction force in the contact line region, the fluid-fluid interfacial force, and the stresses in the fluid-solid interfacial region are studied. Verification of force balance demonstrates the importance of the normal stress jump across the contact line region.

Esteemed Minister
Dear Colleagues
Ladies and Gentlemen

The creation of the Abel Prize by the Norwegian Government is a major event for the Mathematics Community worldwide. Since the Abel Prize is comparable with the Nobel Prizes and will be awarded annually, it will enhance the visibility of Mathematics and heighten the esteem in which Mathematics is held.

by Monya Baker

Copy number variants crop up in routine ES cell culture

Individual mouse embryonic stem cell lines likely encompass more genetic variety than researchers can control for. A recent publication in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences shows that mouse embryonic stem cells accumulate gains and losses of millions of base pairs in routine culture.

Sarah Webb

Mathematics can turn experimental data into information, if the personality fits

Stem cells compute. "A feedback circuit based in silicon will have certain properties that a feedback circuit constructed from biological molecules will have," says Ihor Lemischka, who directs the Black Family Stem Cell Institute at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York. But figuring out those cellular circuits is dependent on networks made not just of silicon but also of flesh-and-blood scientists.

Optimization

The problem of finding an unconstrained minimizer of an n-dimensional function, f, may be stated as follows:

given f: Rn R, find x* (an element of Rn) such that f(x*) is a minimum of f.

For example:    f (x) = (x0 – 3)4 + (x1 - 2)2
x* = [3, 2]

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