By Richard A. Kerr
ScienceNOW Daily News

Yes, the moon is a "wetter" place than the Apollo astronauts ever could have imagined, but don't break out the beach gear just yet. Although three independent groups today announced the detection of water on the lunar surface, their find is at most a part per 1000 water in the outermost millimeter or two of still very dry lunar rock.

Researchers from the Eindhoven University of Technology and the University of Ulm have made the first high-resolution 3D images of the inside of a polymer solar cell. This gives them important new insights in the nanoscale structure of polymer solar cells and its effect on the performance. The investigations shed new light on the operational principles of polymer solar cells.

by Anne Trafton, News Office

New method gives drug designers more flexibility

A team of MIT chemists has devised a new way to add fluorine to a variety of compounds used in many drugs and agricultural chemicals, an advance that could offer more flexibility and potential cost-savings in designing new drugs.

At the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Janelia Farm Research Campus in Virginia, scientists are developing innovative new technologies and pursuing ambitious scientific questions. This summer, sixteen undergraduate students are part of that mission.

Hague Corp. Subsidiary Solterra Renewable Technologies Signs Memorandum Of Understanding With Access2Flow To Develop Revolutionary, Cost-Effective Mass Production Of Quantum Dots

Hague Corp.'s (OTC Bulletin Board: HGUE), wholly owned subsidiary Solterra Renewable Technologies, Inc., has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with The Netherlands-based Access2Flow Holdings BV to develop a low-cost continuous process for mass producing quantum dots that will revolutionize the economics of quantum dot and solar cell production.

These molecules could be used in the detection of chemical warfare agents.

A family of fluorescent dye molecules has been developed for use in “on-off” fluorescence detection of specific chemicals. By themselves, these molecules do not fluoresce. However, when exposed to certain chemical analytes in liquid or vapor forms, they do fluoresce (see figure). These compounds are amenable to fixation on or in a variety of substrates for use in fluorescence-based detection devices: they can be chemically modified to anchor them to porous or non-porous solid supports or can be incorporated into polymer films. Potential applications for these compounds include detection of chemical warfare agents, sensing of acidity or alkalinity, and fluorescent tagging of proteins in pharmaceutical research and development. These molecules could also be exploited for use as two-photon materials for photodynamic therapy in the treatment of certain cancers and other diseases.

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